Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease Specialist
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, affects an estimated 47.2 million Americans, according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Because gum disease can wreak havoc on your oral health, it’s important to get it treated as quickly as possible. Contact the professionals at Cascadia Dental Specialists in Bellevue, Washington, if you believe you may have gum disease.

Periodontal Disease

Cascadia Dental Specialists

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is characterized by an infection of the tissues and bones that surround your teeth. There are two types of gum disease:

  • Gingivitis, which only affects gums
  • Periodontitis, which affects gums tissues, bone and teeth

Gingivitis patients know they have an infection, as there is often no pain. However, gingivitis has other visible  symptoms, such as:

  • Red, swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums (after brushing or flossing)
  • Sensitive gum

Periodontitis, on the other hand, the patient is usually less likely to know they have an infection as it is also usually not painful. Symptoms of periodontitis include:

  • Receding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Pus coming from gums
  • Loose teeth

Gum disease is one of the main reasons regular teeth cleanings are so important. Because a patient often doesn’t know they have gum disease, it can sometimes go unchecked, and the symptoms can get worse over time. By maintaining bi-annual teeth cleanings, you can stay on top of your oral health. Let your gum specialists discuss with you after your evaluation on what is the best protocol for your dental cleanings. It could be 3 months, 4 months, or 6 months based on your periodontal health


What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by bacteria that are present in plaque. The bacteria eat the sugars from your diet, creating poisonous toxins. These toxins irritate the gums and cause them to bleed and swell.

When plaque builds up, it becomes an even tougher substance to treat, called tartar. Tartar can cause your gums to recede. People likely to get gum disease include:

  • Those with poor oral hygiene
  • Smokers or those who chew tobacco
  • People with a genetic predisposition to gum disease
  • People who have weakened immune systems

If you see signs of gum disease in your teeth, contact Cascadia Dental Specialists today to set up an appointment.


How is gum disease treated?

Depending on the progression of your gum disease, a dentist from Cascadia Dental Specialists will suggest a course of treatment, which may include:

  • Saliva testing
  • Scaling and root planing
  • Perio-maintenance
  • Osseous surgery
  • Gum or tissue grafting
  • Bone grafting
  • Oral cancer screening
  • HPV  screening

A combination of these treatments may be needed to treat your gum disease effectively. If you are seeking treatment for your gum disease, reach out to the professionals at Cascadia Dental Specialists. Their expertise will provide you with the best treatment available in a luxurious, relaxing environment. Schedule an appointment today.

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